The Index is Understood – An Easy Way to Shorten Hyperlinks (and make them look nicer, too!)

Whenever I see a link like this:, I’m reminded of my K-12 English class when learning about subject pronouns (or somesubject thereabouts), “The I is understood!”. This basic grammar principle is similar for websites, except in this case I mean “index.htm”, “index.php” or “index.html”. I think it also works for home.htm and home.html, but test first!

Often, my presenters prefer to have the entire path of a link visible in our printed materials, but we have lots of subfolders in our CMS! It’s important to make it look nice, and that means removing any excess URL.

So, these three links will work, and they will take you to exactly the same place:

no index.html

index.html is unneccessary in this example.

Which would you rather see when you are reading? Which would you prefer to try and type?

So, when you are adding a hyperlink in, say, PowerPoint, you can remove the index.html from the end. Of course, if you do not like showing the full path of a URL, you can always change the Text to display to anything you so desire!


The way you post a link in some materials will have an impact on search engine optimization and SEO results. I do not have this concern, but if you do, I recommend you read this article:

If the word before “.htm” or “.html” is not index, this probably will not work (home is the only exception I’m aware of)! Likewise, if my file extension is not a common web-file extension (.htm, .html, .php), I cannot remove the file extension. For example, I cannot change these URLs:

(these are non-functional URLs; none will work)

How to: Increase How Many Times You Can Undo (Ctrl+Z) in PowerPoint (and other Office Products)

The undo button is a near-universal feature in most software applications, and it can be a lifesaver! However, sometimes, software will limit the amount of times you can undo. For example, in Notepad, you are limited on one, single undo (why I use Notepad++ at home). In Microsoft, the default is set to 5 or 10 times. That is not enough for me. I like to try things, and I can get myself into trouble. Without undo/redo, I would go crazy, like I did 15 years ago.

Did you know that in Microsoft Office, you can set the number of times you are allowed to undo? I believe this setting is available in Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, though it may also be available in other Microsoft Office Products 2007 and newer.

  1. Click the Office button Image.
  2. Choose PowerPoint Options from the menu Image.
  3. Select the Advanced tab. Set the Maximum number of undos text field. The highest you can set it to is 150 undos.Image

Also remember, that you can redo. However, if you undo xx steps and then make a change (while xx steps back), you will no longer be able to redo back forward again! Be very careful when undoing!